Game History - Backgammon Board Game
Backgammon is one of the oldest board games known. It is a two player game where
each player has fifteen pieces (checkers) which move between twenty-four triangles
(points) according to the roll of two dice. The objective of the game is to be
first to bear off, i.e. move all fifteen checkers off the board. Backgammon is a
member of the tables family, one of the oldest classes of board games.
Backgammon involves a combination of strategy and luck (from rolling dice).
While the dice may determine the outcome of a single game, the better player will
accumulate the better record over series of many games, somewhat like poker. With
each roll of the dice, players must choose from numerous options for moving their
checkers and anticipate possible counter-moves by the opponent. The optional use
of a doubling cube allows players to raise the stakes during the game.
Like chess, backgammon has been studied with great interest by computer
scientists. Owing to this research, backgammon software has been developed that is
capable of beating world-class human players.